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Tree Fruits, Nuts and Berries

Feature Articles
- 2009 Blueberry Project Progress Report Forge, Temple, Bomke (BC Blueberry Council, 2MB)
- Growing Organic Cherries
Overview information
Overview of Organic Tree Fruit Production (ATTRA '04)
A Transition To Certified Organic Apple Budget - Southern Interior (BCMAFF '02/pdf 65.7KB)
Tree Fruit Production with Organic Farming Methods (WSU pdf 35.6 KB)

British Columbia Canada Weather Data, Plant Disease and Pest Models
The Weather Network Farmzone
Wateright - Water advisories and tutorials
Environment Canada Weather Office - BC Page
14-Day Soil Moisture Outlook for Canada and Alaska
BC Evapotranspiration - Schedule Irrigation Calculator (Farmwest)
Calculate Your Corn Heat Units (Farmwest)
Growing Degree Days (Farmwest)

Tree Fruit Production - except cherries

Growers Guide to Organic ApplesGo to Pest Management for production-specific pest guides
Tree Fruit Management Book Review (COABC)
Organic Fruit Production (NSW/slow to load)
Organic Orchard Floor Management (a WSU Resource List)
A Grower's Guide to Organic Apples (Cornell, PDF - 1.4MB)
Consideration in Organic Apple (Apples) Production (ATTRA/pdf)
Organic And Low-Spray Apple Production (ATTRA)
Grow Organic Apples - Connections, research, networking (Holistic Orchard Network)
Mustard Cover Crops in Apple Orchards in California, USA (Agroecology)
Production Guide for Organic GrapesGrapes guide
Organic Apple Orchard Floor Maintenance: (Science Daily)
Orcharding in an Arid Climate (COG '02/pdf)
Organic Pear (Pears) including Asian Pear Production (ATTRA)
Organic/Low-Spray Peach (Peaches) Production (ATTRA)
Low Spray & Organic Plum (Plums) Production (ATTRA)
Production Guide for Organic Grapes
Index of Fruit Insect Pest Photographs (WVU)
Index of Fruit Disease Photographs, Biology, Monitoring Info (WVU)

Commercially Produce Certified Organic Cherries in Canada
May 2009 by Kathryn Miskulin

Cherry fruit fly (CFF) was a major barrier to expansion of organic cherry production in the Pacific Northwest of Canada and the United States because there was no effective organic product for controlling CFF until Entrust and GF-120 became registered.

Entrust (OMRI approved), a Spinosad, is an antibiotic product of a soil actinomycete (explanation) (image) demonstrating rapid contact and ingestion activity in a variety of insects. The mode of action of Spinosad is characterized by excitation of the insect nervous system, leading to involuntary muscle contractions, prostration with tremors, and paralysis. Spinosad also has effects on GABA receptor function that may contribute further to its insect activity. To read more about Spinosad read "Development of Spinosad and Attributes of A New Class of Insect Control Products".

Entrust controls the CFF adult and many caterpillar larvae and is applied 6 days after a fly is caught on a trap. GF-120, a Spinosad bait, is another product for controlling CFF adults but has no efficacy on caterpillar larvae and needs to be applied as soon as a fly is caught. The advantages of GF-120 is a re-entry interval (REI) once the spray has dried, it can be applied up to harvest (pre-harvest interval) PHI = 0 days and 10 applications are allowed per season. Entrust REI is 24 hours (WCB), has a PHI of 7 days and only 4 applications are allowed per season.

Refer to the following web sites for information on the Cherry Fruit Fly:

  • Contact Dow AgroSciences Canada for Entrust and GF-120 information and labels. Search under GF-120 Fruit Fly Bait and open the file GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait Fact Sheet for important tank mixing information.
  • For information on Bait Application of GF-120
  • For information on the biology, trapping and other control measures of the CFF
  • To read about the results from a study with Entrust and GF-120
  • Nut Production (walnut, chestnut, hazelnut, almond)
    Organic Controls for Walnut Husk Fly Developed (UCANR)
    The Chestnut Grower's Primer (SING/pdf)
    Chestnut Market Opportunities - Assessing Upscale Restaurant Interest in Value-Added Chestnut Products (UNL '02, 407 KB)
    Berry Production
    Organic Blueberry (Blueberries) Production (ATTRA)
    Using Insect Parasitic Nematodes - cranberry (OARCD)
    Organic Grape (Grapes) Production (ATTRA)
    Organic Viticulture (Yahoo group)
    Organic Culture of Bramble Fruits (ATTRA - blackberry, raspberry, tayberry)
    Strawberries: Organic and IPM Options (ATTRA)
    Strawberry Production Systems (Cornell)
    Using Insect Parasitic Nematodes - strawberry (OARCD)
    HORT 442 Berry Crops Culture and Management (Cornell)
    Small Fruit Diseases (WVU)
    Organic Mulch Impact on Vegetation Dynamics and Productivity of Highbush Blueberry Under Organic Production – “Mulch application can improve organic highbush blueberry productivity by improving soil properties, nutrient availability, and weed suppression; however, precautions should be taken to avoid excess nutrient loading and weed seed contamination of mulches.” For complete details read the entire report.
    Pest Control Concepts

    Go to Pest Management for production-specific pest guides
    Orchard Floor Management (WSU)
    Identifying and Harnessing HIPPOs for Hop and Grape Pest Management (WSU)
    Understanding the Timing of Pest Activity (PennState)
    Phenology: (1) Sequence of Bloom, Floral Calendars, What's in Bloom; (2) Birds, Bees, Insects and Weeds (ATTRA)
    Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control (ATTRA)
    Plant Disease Management For Organic Crops (UCDavis/pdf)
    Biological Control: A Guide to Natural Enemies in North America  (Cornell)

    On-Farm Efficiencies
    Streamlining Your Sales Area (WISC-HFHP)
    A Strap-on Stool for Field Work (WISC-HFHP)
    Try a Long Handled Diamond Hoe for Weeding (WISC-HFHP)
    A Specialized Harvest Cart for Greens (WISC-HFHP)
    Plans for a Specialized Harvest Cart (WISC-HFHP)
    Roll Produce on a Narrow Aisle Platform Truck (WISC-HFHP)
    Narrow Aisle Platform Truck Schematic Drawings (WISC-HFHP)
    Narrow Pallet System (WISC-HFHP)
    Motorized Lay-Down Work Carts (WISC-HFHP)
    Stretch out your season with hoophouses (WISC-HFHP)

    WaterWater (Quality, Testing, Treatment, Protection) - topics covered on our On-Farm Food Safety page.
    Harvesting and Storage

    Fruit Inspection Manuals: Apples, apricots, blueberries, cantaloupe, grapes, peaches, pears, plums and prunes, strawberries, sweet cherries (CFIA)
    Production Practices that Impact on Quality (ATTRA)
    Harvest Handling (ATTRA)
    Postharvest and Storage Considerations (ATTRA)
    Recommendations for Maintaining Postharvest Quality (UCDavis)
    Storage Conditions for Vegetables and Fruits (ATTRA)
    Shipping, Transport and Labelling
    Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations - PART II Labelling (CanLii)
    Nutrition Labelling. mandatory for all prepackaged foods as of December 12, 2007. (Health Canada)
    Food and Nutrition. Regulations and Compliance

    Elsewhere on this site
    Pertinent Federal (Canadian) & Provincial (BC) Regulations
    Organic Dairy Farming in Canada

    Farm Equipment
    Marketing Your Product
    Organic Prices (fruit and vegetables)
    Small Scale Food Processing
    Pest Management
    (Canada, USA) and Water (BC, Alberta) Testing Labs & Services

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    Fruit - Tree Fruits, Nuts and Berries

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