Relevant Acts, Codes & Regulations - Canada & British Columbia
Management Act (formerly the Waste Management Act)
This Act empowers MOE to control pollution within BC. Waste is defined
to include air contaminants, litter, effluent, refuse, biomedical
waste, hazardous wastes and any other substance designated by
Cabinet. Pollution is defined in the Act as the presence in the
environment of substances or contaminants that substantially alter or
impair the usefulness of the environment.
Under this Act the following Regulations are pertinent to Ag operations.
Waste Control Regulation
This Regulation (also under the Public Health Act) applies to agricultural
operations. Within this Regulation, the Code
of Agricultural Practice for Waste Management describes agricultural
practices for using, storing and managing agricultural waste in a manner
that is environmentally sound.
Producers who operate in compliance with this Code do not have to hold
an Approval, Permit or Operational Certificate under the Environmental
Management Act to discharge agricultural wastes into the
environment (i.e. it offers exemption of Sections 6(2) and 6(3) of the
Act). Compliance with the Code under the Agricultural Waste Control
Regulation does not exempt a producer from any other part of the Act.
Handling agricultural wastes in a manner not outlined in the Code requires
an Approval, Permit or Operational Certificate under the Act.
Chemical Waste Control Regulation
This Regulation prohibits the use of woodwaste contaminated by substances,
such as antisapstain chemicals, preservatives etc. from being used as
mulch or for burning in residential fireplaces or stoves or for fuel
for wood-fired boilers, etc.
of Practice for Soil Amendments
This Code of Practice regulates the use of industrial wastes or by-products
such as lime, ash and biosolids as soil amendments. The code provides
requirements for maximum concentrations of heavy metals and other contaminants.
A land application plan is required if more than 5 m3 of soil amendments,
regulated under the Code of Practice, are to be applied to a site in
a year. If soil amendments are to be applied to land within the Agricultural
Land Reserve, notice must be given to the Provincial Agricultural Land
Commission 30 days prior to discharge.
This Regulation allows for the identification, evaluation of remediation
options, including off-site mitigation of contaminated groundwater,
and monitoring of the remediation process of contaminated sites. It
covers agriculture only when contaminated materials are brought onto
the site or contaminants identified under the regulation leave the site
or there is a land use change away from agriculture.
This Regulation (renamed from Special Waste) applies to the management
of waste oil, waste pesticides, waste pesticide containers and contaminated
soils. Pesticide containers that are rinsed according to the Hazardous
Waste Regulation are not considered hazardous wastes. This regulation
does not apply to a quantity of hazardous waste which is less than 5
kilograms or 5 litres and which is accumulated or produced in a period
of less than 30 days.
This Regulation spells out the rules for treating municipal sewage,
reusing highly treated sewage effluent and disposing of effluent that
cannot be reused. Codes of practice for reclaimed water use in agriculture
Composting Pollution Prevention Regulation
This Regulation requires that air contaminants from a mushroom composting
facility must not be discharged in a manner that causes pollution. Conditions
must be met regarding pollution prevention planning, facility design
and operation, and reporting.
Burning Smoke Control Regulation and Code of Practice
There are specific standards and exemptions under the Open Burning
Smoke Control Regulation and Code of Practice for various materials
burned on the farm. A waste discharge approval or permit for burns is
not required under this Act for:
. agricultural burning of leaves, crops, weeds, foliage or stubble
. residential (i.e., backyard) burning of leaves, foliage, weeds, crops
. burns that satisfy all the terms and conditions set out in the Open
Burning Smoke Control Regulation and the Open Burning Smoke Control
Code of Practice
. burns conducted to comply with the Weed Control Act
Matter Recycling Regulation
This Regulation (also under the Public Health Act) deals with the production
of compost and subsequent land application of recyclable organic matter
derived from many non-agricultural (municipal) sources (i.e., sewage
biosolids, yard waste and food waste). It is intended to encourage composting
and beneficial use of selected organic matter. The regulation contains
quality criteria for metals, pathogens and vector attraction reduction.
It also covers aspects of land application plans for managed organic
matter. It does not apply to agricultural waste composting operations
that operate in accordance with the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation.
Schedule 12 of the Regulation, lists suitable organic material for composting
under provisions of the Regulation and provides some definition of the
source and constituents of those organic materials.
Class A Compost: Section 12 of the Regulation specifies the requirements
for Class A compost. Compost that is produced solely from yard waste
or untreated and unprocessed wood residuals must meet pathogen reduction
process and vector attraction reduction requirements and quality criteria
(trace elements). Compost that contains any of the other permitted organic
materials (Schedule 12) must additionally meet pathogen reduction limits
and must meet sampling and record keeping requirements as outlined in
Schedules 5 and 6 of the OMRR. If the compost meets these requirements,
it is considered Class A compost and it can be distributed freely without
To be designated as Class A compost, fecal coliforms must be measured
at less than 1000 MPN per gram of total solids (dry weight basis). If
compost is made from yard waste alone, determination of fecal coliform
levels is not required. Class A compost must also meet the quality criteria
as outlined in Schedule 4, column 1.
Depleting Substances and Other Halocarbons Regulation
This Regulation regulates the servicing of refrigeration equipment and
disposal of refrigerant gases.
This Regulation requires reporting of spills:
Section 2(1): A person who had possession, charge or control of a substance
immediately before its spill shall immediately report the spill to the
Provincial Emergency Program (PEP) by telephoning 1-800-663-3456 as
provided in section 12(5) of the Act or, where it is not practical to
report to PEP within a reasonable time, to the local police or nearest
detachment of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
2(2) Where it appears to a person observing a spill that a report under
subsection (1) has not been made, he or she shall make the report referred
to in this section.
2(3) A report under this section shall include, to the extent practical,
(a) the reporting person's name and telephone number,
(b) the name and telephone number of the person who caused the spill,
(c) the location and time of the spill,
(d) the type and quantity of the substance spilled,
(e) the cause and effect of the spill,
(f) details of action taken or proposed to comply with Section 3,
(g) a description of the spill location and of the area surrounding
(h) the details of further action contemplated or required,
(i) the names of agencies on the scene, and
(j) the names of other persons or agencies advised concerning the spill.
Section 3: Where a spill occurs, the person who immediately before
the spill had possession, charge or control of the spilled substance
shall take all reasonable and practical action, having due regard for
the safety of the public and of himself or herself, to stop, contain
and minimize the effects of the spill.
The Regulation requires reporting any spill of pesticide greater than
five kilograms or five litres, fertilizer (including manure) greater
than 50 kilograms or 50 litres and petroleum products greater than 100
litres, and any polluting substance greater than 200 kilograms (such
as manure or mortalities). Check the regulation for other specific substances
and reportable quantities.
Discharge Regulation. This Regulation regulates various industries and
their waste discharges into the environment. It exempts industries who
discharge wastes in accordance with applicable codes of practice from
Section 6(2) and (3) of the Environmental Management Act (as the Agricultural
Waste Control Regulation does for agriculture with the Code of Agricultural
Practice for Waste Management).
Field Storage of Solid Agricultural Waste Fact Sheet
There are two distinct field storages described in the BC Agriculture
Waste Management Code - a short-term storage of two weeks or less and
a long-term storage of up to nine months.
Canada Plan Service - Environment/Waste Management Index to buildings and equipment designed for waste management.
Work In and About a Stream under the Provincial
Water Act - Any work in and about a stream requires approval
from provincial and federal agencies. A detailed publication from the
Ministry of Environment, Standards
and Best Practices for Instream Works 2.67 MB PDF),
Under this Act, using surface water requires a licence and working in and around streams requires approval from Land and Water BC Inc. A stream is defined as any natural watercourse or source of supply, whether usually containing water or not. Streams include groundwater and any lake, river, spring, swamp, creek or ravine. Although at the present time a water licence is not required to use groundwater, groundwater legislation may be forthcoming.
This Act will not affect most producers. Administered by MOE, the Act:
confirms the ownership of surface water and groundwater in the Province
maintains existing bulk water removal rights
prohibits bulk removal of water to outside BC
prohibits large-scale diversion of water between the major watersheds of BC
Water Protection Act
This Act and Regulation have requirements regarding the protection of drinking water quality and regulates domestic water systems (those serving more than one single-family residence).
Ditch and Dyke Act
Administered by MOE, this Act establishes a system for the regulation
and authorization of ditches, watercourses, drainages, and dykes in
BC. For support documentation on this topic refer to BCMAFF's
Agricultural Watercourse Maintenance Policy
Water Guidelines (federal and provincial)
of Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality
The Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality are published by
Health Canada. The April
2003 version supersedes all previous versions, including that contained
in the published booklet and is being revised.
Irrigation & Crop Wash Water for Pathogens ('03 pdf)
Many irrigation and crop wash water supplies are from agricultural drainage
ditches. While ditches are often prone to poor water quality, all surface
water sources may contain pathogens. Due to the extensive diversity
of microorganisms found in the aquatic environment it is expensive to
identify all species for monitoring purposes. Therefore an indicator
organism or surrogate organism that is easily detectable is often used
to identify fecal contamination.
This report is part of a series establishing water quality criteria for British Columbia. It sets criteria for microbiological indicators, which are bacteria indicating the risk of disease from pathogenic bacteria.
The Carbon Tax Act establishes a carbon tax in BC. Carbon tax is a broad
based tax that applies to the purchase or use of fuels, such as gasoline,
diesel, natural gas, heating oil, propane and coal, and the use of combustibles,
such as peat and tires, when used to produce heat or energy. Carbon
tax applies to fuels at different rates depending on their anticipated
carbon emissions, and the tax rates are scheduled to change on July
1, 2011 and 2012. Farmers are required to pay carbon tax on fuel purchased
or used for farming operations.
and Land Use Act
This Act establishes the Environment and Land Use Committee which recommends
programs to increase environmental awareness, ensures that the natural
environment is considered in land-use and resource development decisions,
etc. The Minister of Environment traditionally chairs the committee.
Orders may be made respecting the environment or land use that may override
other Acts and regulations. It is administered by MOE.
Environmental Assessment Act
Environment Canada administers this Act. It applies only to federal
lands, works and undertakings, lands subject to the Indian Act, as well
as lands in respect of which Indians have interests.
Environmental Protection Act
Environment Canada with Health Canada administers this Act. It applies
to all lands in Canada and concerns toxic substances, hazardous materials,
new substances, export and import of substances, fuels, international
air pollution, ocean disposal, etc.
Gas Reduction (Cap and Trade) Act
The Act provides the legislative authority to implement a cap-and-trade
system for GHGs which includes the establishment of reporting and compliance
requirements. It also provides authority for regulations to establish
criteria for projects that qualify as GHG offsets in a regulated offset
Single sites which emit 10,000 tonnes or more of CO2 per year have to
report their emissions, and those which emit 25,000 tonnes or greater
will be regulated. There is currently only one agricultural facility
in BC which emits over 25,000 tonnes per year and a few that emit more
than 10,000 tonnes which are required to report their emissions.
Gas Reduction Targets Act
The Act commits British Columbia to reductions of GHG emissions (of
2007 levels) by at least 33% by 2020. By 2050 it commits British Columbia
to reductions (of 2007 levels) by at least 80%. Although emissions reductions
for agriculture are not regulated, if agricultural emissions are not
reduced while the rest of society does, the perceived impact of agricultures
contribution to climate change will increase. Under the Act, public sector organizations are required to be carbon
neutral by 2010. Through the Climate Action Charter (separate from the
Act), a large number of Local Governments have agreed to become carbon
neutral and can develop municipal Climate Plans to mitigate emissions.
Through this process Local Governments may encourage reduction of agricultural
GHG emissions in the municipality.
Emission Offsets Regulation
The Regulation sets out the requirements for greenhouse gas reductions
and removals from projects or actions that qualify as emission offsets
for the purpose of fulfilling the provincial governments commitments
to be carbon neutral by 2010.
Customs and Excise
This Act may restrict the movement of plant material to prevent the spread of insects and diseases. Some endangered species plants may require a permit for export. This act is relevant to producers growing a crop. National Revenue administers this Act.
Farm Practices Protection
Practices in BC - Reference Guide
This guide is composed of a series of factsheets on normal Farm Practices.
Practices Protection (Right to Farm) Act
Administered by AGRI, this Act provides that farmers on agricultural
land are not liable to legal actions resulting from nuisance complaints
regarding farming activities when they meet certain conditions. The
Act defines a normal farm practice as an activity gthat is conducted
by a farm business in a manner consistent with proper and accepted customs
and standards as established and followed by similar farm businesses
under similar circumstances:
Section 2: protects a farmer from liability in lawsuits alleging nuisance
for odour, noise, dust or other disturbance resulting from a farm operation
- the farmer uses normal farm practices
- the operation is conducted in the ALR, land zoned for farm use, or,
in the case of fish farming, has a valid license under the provincial
- there is no contravention of other listed legislation, such as the
Environmental Management Act, the Agricultural Waste Control Regulation
and Code of Agricultural Practice for Waste Management and land use
regulations (e.g. a zoning bylaw)
In addition, the Act establishes a Farm Industry Review Board to receive
complaints regarding odour, noise, dust or other disturbances resulting
from farm operations. The Farm Practices Board will hear complaints
and determine whether the complaint issue results from a normal farm
This Act controls and regulates the sale of animal feeds. The manufacture, sale or importation into Canada of any feed must be registered, packaged and labelled to prescribed standards. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada administers this Act.
This Act covers agricultural fertilizers. Fertilizers or supplements may only be sold in or imported into Canada if they have been registered, packaged and labelled to prescribed standards. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada administers this Act.
Food and Drugs
Labelling and Advertising of Foods That Are and Are Not Products of
Tn recognition of heightened interest regarding foods that are and are
not products of genetic engineering, countries and international bodies
have examined approaches for identifying such foods through labelling,
to assist consumers in making informed food choices.
and Drugs Act
The Food Directorate of the Health Protection Branch, Health Canada, decides the type and form of food products that can be sold in Canada. It is also responsible for determining the safety of potential residues of agricultural chemicals in food and assessing dietary exposure of the public to agricultural chemicals.
Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations - These apply in respect of all produce that is marketed in import or interprovincial trade, supplied fresh to the consumer or for food processing. Many items are exempt and are identified in subsection (2) of 2.1 (1) of this regulation.
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Regulations - An Act respecting the packaging, labelling, sale, importation and advertising of prepackaged and certain other products. Exemptions from all provisions of the act are in section 3.
Produce Grading Act
Safety Act including Meat
and Range Practices Act
This Act regulates all forest practices (which include grazing on Crown
lands). To replace the Forest Practices Code of British Columbia Act.
Practices Code of British Columbia Act
This Act regulates all forest practices (which include grazing on Crown
lands). The Act is superseded by the Forest and Range Practices Act.
As of March 31, 2005, this Act regulates open fires within 1 km of forest
land or grass land. It is administered by the Ministry of Forests, Mines
Section 2: requires reporting a forest land or grass land fire
Section 3: prohibits dropping, releasing or mishandling a burning substance,
or any other thing that the person reasonably ought to know is likely
to cause a fire
Section 4: states Section 5 & 6 do not apply to the City of Vancouver
or a municipality or a local government having an open fire bylaw
Section 5 & 6: regulates non-industrial and industrial open fires
Regulation. This Regulation applies to all open fires within 1 km
of forest land or grass land.
Sections 4 . 12: outline fire prevention requirements
Sections 13 . 17: outline fire control requirements
Sections 18 . 24: outline permissible open fires (category 1, 2, 3 and
resource management fires)
- a burn registration number is required for category 3 fires . call
toll free 1-888-797-1717
Schedule 1: outlines three Danger Regions of BC
Schedule 2: defines five different Fire Danger Classes using a matrix
of Buildup Index and Fire Weather Index.
Schedule 3: provides restrictions on High Risk Activities as required
in Section 6(3)
Category 1 Open Fire. Camp fires and piles under 1 m in height and diameter
Category 2 Open Fire. For open fires that are:
- no more than 2 piles that are less than 2 m in height and 3 m in width
- or burns of stubble or grass over an area not exceeding 0.2 ha
Category 3 Fires. For open fires that are:
- burning material in 3 or more piles not exceeding 2 m in height and
3 m in width
- or for 1 or more piles exceeding 2 m in height and 3 m in width
- or for one or more windrows, or for burning stubble over an area exceeding
Net Deforestation Act
The Zero Net Deforestation Act was enacted in 2010 and commits British
Columbia to achieving no net deforestation in the province by 2015.
Deforestation, under the Act, is defined as the permanent loss
of the human-induced removal of trees from an area of forest land to
such an extent that the area is no longer forest land. The Act
aims to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions associated with deforestation.
Administered by AGRI, this Act licences and regulates game farms.
Section 6: states Section 76 of the Wildlife Act does not apply to game
that escapes from a farm being operated by a person who holds a valid
licence (but the Game Farm Regulation limits this by requiring capture
within 30 days and other conditions, such as genetic integrity of wildlife)
Administered by the Ministry of Health Services, this Act includes regulations
on farm practices that may result in a health hazard. A health hazard
may occur when nutrients, contaminants or pathogens are discharged to
land, water or air to pose a public health problem. Spills of potentially
harmful substances must be reported to the Local Health Authority. Under
this Act, the Local Health Authority must investigate any health hazard
and has authority to order the hazard to be eliminated.
Premises Regulation. This Regulation applies to any place where
food intended for public consumption is sold, offered for sale, handled,
prepared, packaged, processed, stored, etc. Food premises must be connected
to a source of potable water and be connected to a waste disposal system,
among other requirements.
Section 4: contains food premises requirements
Section 14: contains food processing requirements
Public Health Act Transitional Regulation. Section 18 regulates to setback
distances for wells. Section 18: requires a separation distance from
wells to be at least
- 7 m from any dwelling house (grandfathered)
- 30.5 m from any probable source of contamination (many farm activities
- 122 m from any cemetery or dumping ground unless, owing to the physical
conformation, contamination of the well is impossible
System Regulation. This Regulation applies to domestic sewage disposal
- Section 2: states Regulation applies to a holding tank, single family
residence or duplex, with a daily flow of less than 22,700 litres
- Section 3: requires domestic sewage be discharged into a public sewer,
a holding tank or a sewerage system so as not to cause, or contribute
to, a health hazard
- Section 3.1 requires separations distances from wells (as outlined
in the .. Sewerage System Standard Practice Manual) to be at least:
- 15 m from a holding tank
- 30 m from a sewerage system
- Sections 4 and 5: regulate holding tanks
- Sections 6 to 10: regulate sewerage systems
- only an authorized person can construct and maintain systems (having
- applies to new systems, or existing ones under going significant alteration
- the owner is responsible to have maintenance done and to keep records
Land Commission Act
This Act administered by the Provincial Agricultural Land Commission, requires agricultural land within an Agricultural Land Reserve not be used for non-farm use unless permitted by the Act or its regulations.
This Act administers and regulates Crown land disposition, grant and trespass.
This Act provides the legislative framework for the establishment, function
and operation of local governments. It provides for the authority for
local government to establish rules and regulations and for the provision
of services to the local community. Several sections may apply to the
Pest & Plant Protection
Pest Management Act (formerly the Pesticide Control Act)
Administered by MOE, this Act regulates the sale, containment, transportation,
storage, preparation, mixing, application and the disposal of pesticides
and their containers. Many pertinent sections, critical information
to know is that there are fiive Pesticide classes under the IPM Act
- Permit-restricted: these pesticides are listed by name in the regulation;
they are the most strictly controlled, requiring a permit for purchase
- Restricted: these pesticides have the Restricted product class specified
on their label; a pesticide applicator certificate is required for their
purchase or use
- Commercial: these pesticides have the Commercial product class specified
on their label
- Domestic: these pesticides have the Domestic product class specified
on their label; they are intended for use by non-professionals in or
around private homes and gardens
- Excluded: these pesticides are listed by name or type of use in the
regulation; their use or sale does not require a licence, certificate,
permit or confirmation; they are assigned to this class because the
Administrator considers that excluding them from requirements for a
licence, permit or confirmation will not increase the risk of unreasonable
Administered by AGRI, this Act is the provincial counterpart to the
federal Plant Protection Act that focuses on plant protection
issues affecting Canada. It provides for the prevention of the spread
of pests destructive to plants in BC. Inspectors have powers to enforce
the provisions of the Act, including the authority to establish quarantine
areas. To assist in the enforcement of the Act, the BC Plant Protection
Advisory Council advises and co-ordinates the actions of provincial
and federal officials to deal with potential hazards to BC agriculture
and forestry from insects, plant diseases, weeds or other biotic agents.
The Council's power comes from the mandates of the agencies whose members
sit on committees struck to deal with plant protection issues in specific
The purpose of this Act is to protect plant life and the agriculture and forestry industries by preventing the importation, exportation, and spread of injurious pests. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada administers this Act.
This Act places the responsibility for the control of noxious weeds on the occupiers of the land. It provides for the appointment of inspectors to ensure compliance and, failing that, for a method by which they can control weeds and recovers the costs for doing so from the occupier.
Under this Act, it is an offence to place or leave any material on public roads. This includes any noxious or filthy substances such as manure, water flows, which damage public roadways and fires. The RCMP or local police enforce this Act.
Administered by Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure, this
Act makes deposition or dumping of noisome, nauseous or offensive
matter (e.g. the carcass of a dead animal, offal, ashes, refuse)
on a highway or right-of-way an offence. As of October 1, 2010, in accordance with the Motor Vehicle Act, heavy
diesel vehicle emission control devices must be installed on all BC
registered commercial diesel vehicles of model years 1989-1993 with
a Licenced Gross Vehicle Weight (LGVW) of more than 8,200 kg. Farm vehicles
with a LGVW under 17,300 kg are exempt from these retrofit requirements.
of Dangerous Goods Act
Administered by Ministry of Attorney General, this Act establishes requirements
to provide for the safe transport of goods deemed to be dangerous. Regulations
specify substances and establish classes of dangerous goods.
The Fisheries Act provides for licensing and regulatory control of activities
associated with commercial fisheries and aquaculture operations, this
Act deals with licensing of fisheries, processors and safe fish passage:
Section 28: requires fish protection devices for any dam or other hydraulic
- this may include fish ways, screens, etc.
While the federal government cannot license or regulate the use of land and water under provincial jurisdiction, the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) and Environment Canada jointly administer the federal responsibility for marine and anadromous fish in marine and freshwater environments.
The Fish Protection Act enables the protection of fish and fish habitats.
The four main objectives of the Act are to ensure sufficient water for
fish, enable fish habitat to be protected and restored, improve riparian
habitat protection and enhancement, and give local governments greater
powers for environmental planning. The Fish Protection Act provides
legislative authority for water managers to consider impacts on fish
and fish habitat before approving new licenses, amendments to licenses
or issuing approvals for work in or near streams. Only parts of the
FPA have been brought into force, they are:
Section 4: prohibits new dam construction on specified major rivers
Sections 6 & 7: allow sensitive streams designation and recovery
plans, Such streams will have restrictions requiring the consideration of
fish flow requirements placed on new water licenses or approvals, or
amendments to existing, until the stream has recovered
Section 9: In the case of drought, for the purposes of protecting the
fish population, the minister may make temporary orders regulating the
diversion, rate of diversion, time of diversion, storage, time of storage
and us of water from the stream by holders of licences or approvals
in relation to the stream.
Section 12: requires municipal bylaws, where directed, regarding the
protection and enhancement of riparian areas that may be subject to
residential, commercial or industrial development
- the requirements do not apply to "agricultural" activities,
they do apply to new residential, commercial, or industrial development
or ancillary activities on land zoned for agricultural purposes. Guidelines
for agricultural activities are in the Environmental Farm Plan series
This Regulation, under the Fish Protection Act establishes directives
to protect riparian areas from development and to facilitate cooperation
between DFO and the Union of BC Municipalities. It applies to the exercise
of local government powers under the Local Government Act. The Regulation
provides required riparian assessment methods by Qualified Environmental
Professionals as a condition of approval for new residential, commercial,
or industrial activities.
Stream Designation and Licensing Regulation. This Regulation (also
under the Fish Protection Act) applies to licences and approvals on
sensitive streams, and lists streams designated 15 streams to
date, on eastern Vancouver Island, lower Coast, and lower Fraser Valley.
Birds Convention Act
Under this Act, the federal government is responsible for implementing a Convention between Canada and the U.S. for the protection of migratory birds and nests. The Canadian Wildlife Service of Environment Canada administers regulations.
At Risk Act
The purpose of this Act is to prevent Canadian indigenous species of wildlife from becoming extirpated or extinct, to provide for the recovery of endangered or threatened species and to encourage the management of other species to prevent them from becoming at risk.
Administered by the Canadian Wildlife Service, this Act makes provision
for Environment Canada to work by itself or in cooperation with others
to acquire lands for the research, conservation and interpretation of
migratory birds. Wildlife areas established under this Act are called
National Wildlife Areas.
Administered by MOE, this Act protects wildlife designated under the
Act from direct harm, except as allowed by regulation (e.g., hunting
or trapping), or under permit. Legal designation as Endangered or Threatened
under the Act increases the penalties for harming a species. The Act
also enables the protection of habitat in a Critical Wildlife Management
Section 4: allows designation of wildlife management areas
Section 7: makes it an offence to alter, destroy or damage wildlife
habitat within a wildlife management area
Section 9: makes it an offence to disturb, molest or destroy a muskrat
or beaver house, den or dam unless you are a licensed trapper or have
lawful authority to protect property or maintain irrigation or drainage
Section 33.1: makes it an offence to feed dangerous wildlife (bear,
cougar, coyote or wolf) unless as approved hunting or trapping
Section 34: makes it an offence to possess, take injure, molest or destroy
the nest of an eagle, peregrine falcon, osprey, heron or burrowing owl
or the nest of any bird not mentioned above when the nest is occupied
by the bird or its egg
Section 39: makes it an offence to hunt or trap on cultivated land or
on a Crown land grazing lease while occupied by livestock without the
lessee or owners consent
Section 89: gives an officer powers of entry on proof of identification
This Act has been amended by the Fish Protection Act to have wildlife
include aquatic plants. Aquatic invertebrates or plants can be considered
as endangered or threatened.
ENVIRONMENTAL FARM PLANNING INFORMATION
ELSEWHERE ON THIS SITE:
Pertinent Federal (Canadian) & Provincial (BC) Regulations
Organic Dairy Farming in Canada
Marketing Your Product
Organic Prices (fruit and vegetables)
Small Scale Food Processing
Soil (Canada, USA) and Water (BC, Alberta) Testing Labs & Services